Keragaman Bakteri pada Perairan Sabang, Provinsi Aceh

Lis Indah Sutiknowati


Abstrak


Sabang seawater have high diversity and its geographical condition allow hot springs to form, therefore, current research on this seawaters become important. The purpose of this study was to discover the quality and diversity of the seawaters based on microbiological aspects specifically the finding of coliform, heterotrophic, halotolerant and sulfur bacteria from several samples from the water and sediment sampling. Analysis and isolation process of the bacteria were using coliform and aerobic count plate petrifilm and specific media. The results indicated that there were coliform bacteria, heterotrophic and halotolerant bacteria and several of hot spring sources under the sea surface with extremely high density of sulfur bacteria as geothermal microbe.

Kata Kunci


Sabang, bacteria, diversity, geothermal, sediment

Referensi


Anonymous, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/purple_sulfur_bacteria.

American Public Health Association (APHA), 1995. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (19th ed.),Washington, DC.

Asnawi, H. 2006. Keanekaragaman bakteri Thermofilik yang Terdapat dalam Sumber Mata Air Panas di Taman Wisata Padusan Pacet, Kabupaten Mojokerto, Jawa Timur. Biologi FMIPA, UM.

Brock, T. D.,Martinko, J. M. &Parker, J. 1994. Biology of Microorganisms. New jersey, Prentice Hall, 749-752.

Brock, T. D. 1986. Thermophilic Microorganisms and Life at High Temperatures. Springer-Verlag, 316 pp.

Camacho, A. 2009. Sulfur Bacteria. Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Vol. Null, Issue Null: 261-278.

Girard F, I. Batisson, J. Harel and J.M. Fairbrother. 2003. Use of Egg Yolk-Derived Immunoglobulins as an Alternative to Antibiotic Treatment for Control of Attaching and Effacing Escherichia coli Infection. 103rd General Meeting of American Society for Microbiology, Washington D.C. Virginie, USA. (Abstract).

Hadioetomo, R.S. 1985. Mikrobiologi Dasar dalam Praktek. PT. Gramedia, Jakarta. pp: 74-76.

Hajna, AA and Perry CA. 1943. Comparative Study of Presumptive and Confirmative Media for Bacteria of the Coliform Group and for Fecal Streptococci. Am. J. Publ. Hlth. 33:550-556.

Kasten, S & B.B Jorgensen. 2000. Sulfate Reduction in Marine Sediments. H.D. Schulz et.al. (eds). Marine Geochemistry. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg: 263-281.

KLH. 2006. Himpunan Peraturan Perundang-undangan di Bidang Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Jakarta, 1144 hal.

Kunarso, D.H. 1989. Teknik Membran Filter untuk Mendeteksi Bakteri Pencemar. Oseana.4:133-143.

Murray, P.R., K.S. Rosenthal & M.A. Pfaller. 2009. Medical microbiology (6th Ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier. 307 pp.

Madigan, M.T., J.M. Martinko, D.A. Stahl, and D.P. Clark. 2013. Biology of Microorganims Thirteenth Edition. San Fransisco: Pearson Education: 46, 129, 149

Nascimento, W.C.A., and M.L.L. Martin. 2006.Studies on Stability of Protease from Bacillus sp and its Compatibility with Commercial Detergent. Brazilia, Microbiol. 37:307-311

Nealson, K.H. 1997. Sediment Bacteria: Who’s There, What Are They Doing and What’s New. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet Sci. 25:403-434.

Sadi, N. H., M. Maghfiroh & T. Widiyanto. 2016. Potential Use of Purple Bacteria as Carotenoid Source in Ornamental Fish Feed. ISTB Proceeding 2013: 11-18

Ruyitno, N.2008. Kualitas Teluk Jakarta:Kajian bakteriologis (laporan penelitian), 10 hlm.

Singleton, P. dan D. Sainsbury. 2006. Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology 3rd edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: 356

Sutiknowati, L.I. 2010. Kelimpahan Bakteri Fosfat di Padang Lamun Teluk Banten. Oseanologi Dan Limnologi Di Indonesia, vol. 36, No. 1: 21-35.

Tika, I.N., I.W. Redhana and N.P. Ristiati. 2007. Isolasi Enzim Lipase Termostabil dari Bakteri Termofilik Isolat Air Panas Banyuwedang Kecamatan Gerogak Buleleng Bali. Akta Kimindo 2(2): 109-112.

WHO, 1982. Bacteriological examination. In: Examination of Water Pollution Control (M.J. Suess, ed.) 3:273-531.

Zhu, C, J. Harel,M. Jacques, C. Desautels, M. S. Donnenberg, M. Beaudry, and J. M. Fairbrother. 1994. Virulence properties and attaching-effacing activity of Escherichia coli O45 associated from swine post weaning diarrhea. Infection and Immunity 62: 4153-4159.


Article Reads

Total: 28 Abstrak: 27

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  FAKULTAS BIOLOGI Universitas Jenderal Soedirman