Fitriani Soamole (1) , Zauzah Abdullatif (2) , Hayun Abdullah (3)

(1) Universitas Khairun
(2) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Khairun, Ternate, Maluku Utara, Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Khairun, Ternate, Maluku Utara, Indonesia


The purpose of this study to determine the effect of the Portulaca oleracea purslane growth time on the growing and production of Topo local cultivar of red onions Allium ascalonicum which is originally from Tidore island. We used Randomized Block Design (RBD) to run six treatments in three blocks which consisted of P0 (without purslane weed as the control), P1 (purslane growth in the beginning of onion planting), P2 (growing of purslane after 10 days planting of onion), P3 (growing of purslane after 20 days planting of onion), P4 (growing of purslane after 30 days planting of onion), and P5 (growing of purslane after 40 days planting of onion), so there were 18 experimental units. Then, data were analysed by ANOVA, if there any significant effect which was continued by Least Significance Different test (ɑ=0,05). The results showed that the longer purslane weeds associated with Topo red onion could suppress the growth of this red onion and finally decrease the production. Finally, we found that production of P2 (103.33 g/plot) as the lowest production, which differed significantly with P0 (483.33 g/plot). Therefore, we suggested if weed control of purslane could be done at the age seven until forty days after planting and this information could be used as an essential strategy to controlling purslane weed.

Full Text:



Abdullatif Z. 2015. Kajian perilaku pertumbuhan gulma krokot (Portulaca oleracea L.) pada berbagai lingkungan tumbuh sebagai upaya strategi pengendalian. [Disertasi]. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Fadly AF, Tabri F. 2008. Pengendalian gulma pada pertanaman jagung. Maros: Balai penelitian Tanaman Serealia.

Hanafiah KA. 2002. Rancangan percobaan teori dan aplikasi edisi ketiga. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sriwijaya Palembang. Pelembang.

Herianto E. 2016. Effects of triacontanol spraying and time of weeding on critical period of red onion (Allium ascalonicum) due to weed competition. Agritrop Jurnal ilmu-ilmu Pertanian. Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember.

Holm GLR, Pucknet DL, Pancho JV, Herberger JP. 1977. The World’s worst weeds. Distribusi and Biologi. Honolulu: The Univ. Hawai.

Moenandir J. 2010. Ilmu gulma. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya Pres.

Muzik T J. 1970. Weed biology and control. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Nurhidayati T, Purwani KI, Primirahmayani. 2006. Pengaruh alelopati krokot (Purtulaca oleracea) terhadap perkecambahan cabai (Capsicum annuum). Malang: Jurnal IPTEK Universitas Negeri Malang.

Purba E. 2009. Keanekaragaman herbisida dalam pengendalian gulma mengatasi populasi gulma resisten dan toleran herbisida. Universitas Sumatra Utara. Medan

Proctor CA. 2013. Biology and control of common puslane (Portulaca oleracea).[Disertation]. University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Radosevich SR, Holt J, Ghersa C. 1997. Weed ecology implications for management (Second Edition). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Sastroutomo SS. 1990. Ekologi gulma. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Saputra PE. 2016. Respons tanaman bawang merah (Allium Ascalonicum L.) akibat aplikasi pupuk hayati dan pupuk majemuk NPK dengan berbagai dosis. [Skripsi]. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Lampung. Bandar Lampung

Article Reads

Total: 1458 Abstract: 344 PDF: 1114

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


This website is maintained by:
Bio Publisher
The Faculty of Biology Publishing

Faculty of Biology
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
Jalan dr. Suparno 63 Grendeng
Purwokerto 53122

Telephone: +62-281-625865

This website uses:
OJS | Open Journal System
A free journal management and publishing system that has been developed by the PKP (Public Knowledge Project) version

All article content metadata are registered to:
An official nonprofit Registration Agency of the International Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Foundation.

Articles in this journal are indexed by:

Complete index list »