Kondisi Pencemaran Lingkungan Berdasarkan Parameter Mikrobiologis di Sekitar Muara Sungai Cimandiri, Teluk Pelabuhan Ratu, Jawa Barat

Nur Fitriah Afianti (1) , Lies Indah Sutiknowati (2)

(1) Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI
(2) Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI


The Gulf waters of Pelabuhan Ratu are important waters for fisheries and tourism. However, currently  anthropogenic pollution carried by river flows threatens water quality, especially around the Cimandiri estuary. This study aims to analyze a water quality around Cimandiri estuary based on the abundance of fecal pollution indicator bacteria and patogenic bacteria on water samples taken from 15 stations. Fecal pollution indicator bacteria were enumerated using filtration method and plate count agar, while patogenic bacteria was detected using selective media and biochemical tests. The results of the study in March 2017 showed that domestic waste pollution occurred in Cimandiri estuary. The presence of pollution indicator bacteria colliform, E. coli and patogenic bacteria were found in the water column with varying density levels. The highest density of coliform bacteria was found in the mouth of Cimandiri estuary as much as 4.56x105 CFU / 100 ml and E. coli as much as  2.59x104 CFU/100 ml. Geomean of the total coliform bacteria and E. coli respectively 4.61x103 CFU/100 ml and 7.61x102 CFU/100 ml. The abundance of bacterial pollution indicators in Cimandiri Estuary has been already exceeded Indonesian water quality standard determined by the Ministry of Environment Decree. Patogenic bacteria i.e Vibrio sp. and Aeromonas sp. most found at Cimandiri Estuary.

Kata Kunci

bacteria, coliform, patogen, pollution, Cimandiri

Teks Lengkap:



Barrow, G.I. and Miller, D.C., 1976. Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Seafood. In: F.A. Skinner and J.G. Carr, eds., Microbiology in Agriculture, Fisheries and Seafood. London: Academic Press, pp.181–195.

Batra, P., Mathur, P. and Misra, M.C., 2016. Aeromonas spp.: An Emerging Nosocomial Pathogen. Journal of laboratory physicians, 8(1), pp.1–4.

Darakas, E., 2001. A simple mathematical formula describing the survival kinetics of E.coli in natural waters. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 58(3), pp.365–372.

Dsikowitzky, L., Ferse, S., Schwarzbauer, J., Samita Vogt, T. and Eko Irianto, H., 2016. Impacts of megacities on tropical coastal ecosystems — The case of Jakarta, Indonesia. MPB, 110, pp.621–623.

Fahmi, M.R. and Hirnawati, R., 2010. Keragaman Ikan Sidat Tropis (Anguilla sp.) di Perairan Sungai Cimandiri, Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. In: Prosiding Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur. pp.1–8.

Hervio-Heath, D., Colwell, R.R., Derrien, A., Robert-Pillot, A., Fournier, J.M. and Pommepuy, M., 2002. Occurrence of pathogenic vibrios in coastal areas of France. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 92(6), pp.1123–1135.

Hrenovic, J. and Ivankovic, T., 2009. Survival of Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter junii at various concentrations of sodium chloride. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 3, pp.144–151.

Hughes, K.A., 2003. Influence of Seasonal Environmental Variables on the Distribution of Presumptive Fecal Coliforms around an Antarctic Research Station. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69(8), pp.4884–4891.

Janda, J.M. and Abbott, S.L., 2010. The genus Aeromonas: taxonomy, pathogenicity, and infection. Clinical microbiology reviews, 23(1), pp.35–73.

Kimura, M., Araoka, H. and Yoneyama, A., 2013. Aeromonas caviae is the most frequent pathogen amongst cases of Aeromonas bacteremia in Japan. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 45(4), pp.304–309.

Nagvenkar, G.S. and Ramaiah, N., 2009. Abundance of sewage-pollution indicator and human pathogenic bacteria in a tropical estuarine complex. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 155(1–4), pp.245–256.

Palaniappan, R.U.M., Zhang, Y., Chiu, D., Torres, A., Debroy, C., Whittam, T.S. and Chang, Y.-F., 2006. Differentiation of Escherichia coli pathotypes by oligonucleotide spotted array. Journal of clinical microbiology, 44(4), pp.1495–501.

Solic, M. and Kristulovic, N., 1992. Separate and combined effects of solar radiation, temperature, salinity, and pH on the survival of faecal coliforms in seawater. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 24(8), pp.411–416.

Article Reads

Total: 3720 Abstrak: 1239 PDF: 2386

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Jumlah Kunjungan Harian

Satu bulan terakhir

Tampilkan laporan lengkap Google Analyticsdi sini

Laman ini dikelola oleh:
Bio Publisher
The Faculty of Biology Publishing

Laman ini dikelola oleh:
Penerbitan Fakultas Biologi
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
Jalan dr. Suparno 63 Grendeng
Purwokerto 53122

Telepon: +62-281-625865
Email: biologi@unsoed.ac.id

Laman ini menggunakan:
OJS | Open Journal System
Software pengelolaan jurnal ilmiah online. Versi yang digunakan adalah

Metadata artikel terdaftar di:
Agen resmi internasional pendaftaran Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Artikel jurnal ini terindeks:

Daftar indeks »