Zoea Syndrome (ZS) pada Larva Udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Rubiyanto Widodo Haliman (1)


(1) 


Abstrak


White shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) culture in Indonesia has been well developed since 1999.  Among the problems occurred during the culture period in the hatchery, Zoea Syndrome (ZS) is the most serious.  An observation has been done to determine the prevalence and the clinical signs of this syndrome. Nauplii were collected from hatcheries in East Java (3 hatcheries) and Central Java (1 hatchery) and subject to PCR test in order to obtain TSV free nauplii.  The results showed that TSV free nauplii could also be infected by ZS, where the prevalence could reach 100%.  There was also a possibility that Vibrio sp. was involved in  ZS infection.


Kata Kunci


zoea syndrome, larvae, Litopenaeus vannamei

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Referensi


Chanratchakool, P., J.F. Turnbull, S. Funge-Smith, C. Limsuwan. 1994. Health Management in Shrimp Ponds. 2nd edition. Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute. Bangkok. Hal. 51.

Elovaara, A.K. 2001. Shrimp Farming Manual: Practical Technology for Intensive Shrimp Production. Caribbean Press, Ltd. British West Indies, USA.

Hadiroseyani, Y. 1990. Informasi Praktikum Parasit Ikan. Fakultas Perikanan Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. Hal. 39.

Haliman, R.W. 2003. Status Terkini Budi Daya Udang Penaeid di Indonesia. Hayati 10 (4) : 151-153.

Hjetnes, B., R.J. Roberts. 1993. Vibriosis. Dalam Inglis, V., R.J. Roberts, N.R. Bromage (ed.). Bacterial Diseases of Fish. Blackwell Science. Hal. 109.


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