Diah Asta Putri (1) , Nurul Suwartiningsih (2)

(1) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan


Giant freshwater prawn is one of Indonesia's freshwater prawn that has advantages such as fast growth and good meat quality. The continuous crossing of giant freshwater prawn that are closely related causes a decrease in its genetic diversity. In addition, the domestication process can also influences changes in the number and shape of chromosomes. This study is to determine the chromosome characters of domestication giant freshwater prawn (Siratu)  and those derived from natural catches (Mahakam) which are cultured in the Unit Kerja Budidaya Air Payau Balai Budidaya Udang Galah (UKBAP BBUG) Samas. Research on the characterization of chromosome of giant freshwater prawn from both natural and domesticated populations needs to be done to obtain genetic information, especially chromosome characters. This information is useful to further support the process of breeding and for the certification process of giant freshwater prawn. Chromosome length measurements were carried out using the Image Raster 3 program. The shape of the chromosomes was determined by following the classification of Levan et al. (1994) based on the Sentromer Index Value obtained. The results showed that the number of chromosomes in the population of Siratu and Mahakam were 2n = 118. The giant freshwater prawn of Siratu population had the karyotype formula 2n = 118 = 94 m + 24 sm, while the giant freshwater prawn Mahakam population had the karyotype formula 2n = 118 = 118 m.


chromosome characterization, giant freshwater prawn, domestication


Aristya GR, Daryono BS, Handayani NSN, Suryanti TA. 2015. Karakterisasi Kromosom Tumbuhan dan Hewan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Arisuryanti T, Wibowo AT. 2016. Karyotype Ikan Mas (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758) Majalaya. Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology 1, 15-19.

Binur R, Pancoro A. 2017. Inbreeding Depression Level of Post-Larvae Freshwater Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) from Several Hatcheries in Java, Indonesia, Biodiversitas 18 (1), 609-618.

Damrongphol P, Eangchuan N, Ajpru S, Poolsanguan B, Withyachumnarnkul B. 1991. Karyotype of the Giant Preshwater Prawn, Macrobachium rosenbergi. J.Sci.Soc. Thailand 17, 57-69.

Frankham R, Ballou JD, Briscoe DA. 2002. Introduction to Conservation Genetics. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Khasani I. 2008. Upaya Peningkatan Produktivitas dalam Usaha Pembesaran Udang Galah (Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man), Media Akuakultur 3 (1), 25-30.

Lakra WS, Kumar P, Das M, Goswami U. 1997. Improved Techniques of Chromosome Preparation from Shirmp and Prawn. Asian Fisheries Science 10 (1997) 117-121.

Levan A. Fredga K, Sanberg AA. 1964. Nomenclature for centromeric position on chromosome. Hereditas 52, 201-220.

Mather PB, de Bruyn M. 2003. Genetic Diversity in Wild Stocks of Giant Freswater Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) Implication for Aquaculture and Conversation NAGA World Center 26 (4), 4-7.

Nandlal S, Pickering T. 2005. Freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii farming in Pacific Island countries. Volume one. Hatchery operation, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Noumea, New Caledonia.

New MB. 2005. Freshwater Prawn Farming: Global Status, Recent Research and A Glance at The Future, Aquaculture Research 36, 210-230.

Sesditjen. 2015. ‘Udang Galah Siratu’ dalam Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Budidaya diakses 28 November 2017 dari https://www.djpb.kkp.go.id.

Article Reads

Total: 501 Abstract: 501

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


This website is maintained by:
Bio Publisher
The Faculty of Biology Publishing

Faculty of Biology
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
Jalan dr. Suparno 63 Grendeng
Purwokerto 53122

Telephone: +62-281-625865
Email: biologi@unsoed.ac.id

This website uses:
OJS | Open Journal System
A free journal management and publishing system that has been developed by the PKP (Public Knowledge Project) version

All article content metadata are registered to:
An official nonprofit Registration Agency of the International Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Foundation.

Articles in this journal are indexed by:

Complete index list »