KEANEKARAGAMAN KULTIVAR SEMANGKA [Citrullus lanatus (THUNB.) MATSUM. & NAKAI] DI SENTRA SEMANGKA NUSAWUNGU CILACAP

Utari Dwi Kusumastuti, Sukarsa Sukarsa, Pudji Widodo


Abstract


Watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai] is a plant of Cucurbitaceae family which is include in an annual plant. In Indonesia, watermelon has diversity in its cultivar as can be seen from the stem, leaf, flower, and fruit morphology. This research is aimed to find out the diversity and the similarity relationship of watermelon cultivar in Nusawungu, Cilacap. A survey method was used in this research by taking the samples with a random sampling technique (purposive sampling). This research parameter consisted of stem, leaf, flower, and fruit morphology of each watermelon cultivar. Data of watermelon cultivar morphology were analyzed descriptively and then analyzed based on the similarity relationship with UPGMA method (Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean) using the MEGA 5.05 software. The result of this research showed that there were five watermelon cultivars namely C. lanatus ‘Farmers Giant’, C. lanatus ‘Nina’, C. lanatus ‘Black Orange’, C. lanatus ‘Torpedo’, and C. lanatus ‘Bintang’. There were two groups of watermelons based on phenetic analysis namely group I consisting of C. lanatus ‘Torpedo’, C. lanatus ‘Black Orange’, and C. lanatus ‘Nina’ cultivars, group II consisting of C. lanatus ‘Bintang’ and C. lanatus ‘Farmers Giant’. The closest similarity was between C. lanatus ‘Farmers Giant’ and C. lanatus ‘Bintang’ cultivars with the dissimilarity index of 0,516. While the most distantly related was between C. lanatus ‘Nina’ and C. lanatus ‘Farmers Giant’ cultivars with the dissimilarity index of 2,338.


Keywords


diversity; similarity; morphology; watermelon

References


Alridiwirsah. 2010. Respon Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Semangka terhadap Pupuk Kandang dan Mulsa Cangkang Telur. J. Agrium 16(2):1–56.

Dane F, Lang P, Bakhtiyarova R. 2004. Comparative Analysis of Chloroplast DNA Variability in Wild and Cultivated Citrullus Species. Theory Application Genetic 108:958–966. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1512-9

Fadilah KN. 2012. Penapisan Fitokimia Kulit Semangka dan Pemanfaatan sebagai Minuman Kesehatan. Tasikmalaya: STIKES.

Ferawati. 2006. Karakterisasi Sifat Hortikultura Beberapa Genotipe Semangka [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.)

Matsum. & Nakai] [Skripsi]. Fakultas Pertaian IPB: Bogor.

Jasmine, Ginting J, Siagian B. 2014. Respons Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Semangka (Citrullus vulgaris Schard.) terhadap Konsentrasi Paclobutrazol dan Dosis Pupuk NPK. J. Argroteknologi 2(3):967–974.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2005a. Keputusan Menteri Pertanian Nomor: 478/Kpts/Sr.120/12/2005 Tentang Pelepasan Semangka Hibrida Farmers Giant sebagai Varietas Unggul. Jakarta.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2005b. Keputusan Menteri Pertanian Nomor: 73/Kpts/Sr.120/3/2005 Tentang Pelepasan Semangka Hibrida Torpedo sebagai Varietas Unggul. Jakarta.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2006a. Keputusan Menteri Pertanian Nomor: 368/Kpts/Sr.120/5/2006 Tentang Pelepasan Semangka Hibrida Nina sebagai Varietas Unggul. Jakarta.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2006b. Keputusan Menteri Pertanian Nomor: 355/Kpts/Sr.120/5/2006 Tentang Pelepasan Semangka Hibrida Black Orange sebagai Varietas Unggul. Jakarta.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2007. Keputusan Menteri Pertanian Nomor: 16/Kpts/Sr.120/1/2007 Tentang Pelepasan Semangka Hibrida Bintang sebagai Varietas Unggul. Jakarta.

Loveless AR. 1989. Prinsip–prinsip Biologi Tumbuhan untuk Daerah Tropik. Edisi Kedua. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Mujaju C. 2009. Diversity of Landraces and Wild Forms of Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) in Southern Africa. Faculty of Landscape Planning: Horticulture and Agricultural Science Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 1–40.

Prabawanti YW, Hamidah, Soedarti T. 2012. Biosistematika Keanekaragaman Tanaman Tebu (Saccharum officinarum) melalui Pendekatan Morfologi. Surabaya: Departemen Biologi Universitas Airlangga.

Prajnanta F. 2003. Agribisnis Semangka Non–biji. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Rideng MI. 1982. Taksonomi Tumbuhan Biji. Depdikbud Dirjen Dikti Pengembangan Lembaga Pendidikan Tenaga Kependidikan: Jakarta.

Romesburg HC. 1984. Cluster Analysis for Researchers Lifetime Learning Publications Belmant: California.

Samadi B. 1996. Semangka Tanpa Biji. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Sobir, Siregar FD. 2010. Budidaya Semangka Unggul. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Sokal RR, Sneath PHA. 1963. Priciples of Numerical Taxonomy. San Fransisco: Freeman and Company.

Stuessy TF. 1990. Plant Taxonomy The Systematic Evaluation of Comparative Data. New York: Columbia University Press.

Wehner TC. 2007. Watermelon. In: Jaime Prohens and Fernando Nuez (eds), Handbook of Plant Breeding, Vegetables, Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Chenopodicaceae, and Cucurbitaceae. Springer New York 1(4):381–418.

Wijayanto T, Yani WR, Arsana MW. 2012. Respon Hasil dan Jumlah Biji Buah Semangka (Citrullus vulgaris) dengan Aplikasi Hormon Giberelin (GA3). Jurnal Agroteknos. 2(1):57–62.

Yuniarti. 2011. Inventarisasi dan Karakterisasi Morfologis Tanaman Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.) di Kabupaten Tanah Datar. J. Plasma Nutfah 1–6.


Article Reads

Total: 1159 Abstract: 347 HTML (Bahasa Indonesia): 156 PDF (Bahasa Indonesia): 656

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

This website is maintained by:
The Faculty of Biology Publishing 
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
Jalan dr. Suparno 63 Grendeng
Purwokerto 53122

Telephone: +62-281-625865
Email: biologi@unsoed.ac.id

This website uses: 
OJS | Open Journal System
A free journal management and publishing system that has been developed by the PKP (Public Knowledge Project) version 2.4.8.0.

All article content metadata are registered to:
Crossref
An official non profit Registration Agency of the International Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Foundation.

Artikel jurnal ini terindeks:

Complete index list »