BIODIVERSITAS KUPU-KUPU DI TAMAN WISATA ALAM PANANJUNG PANGANDARAN SEBAGAI ACUAN DASAR PENENTUAN STRATEGI KONSERVASI
This study aims to determine the biodiversity of butterflies, the relationship between the number of butterflies with the number of visitors and the strategy of butterfly conservation needed to manage the diversity of butterflies in Nature Recreational Park, Pananjung. This research was conducted by field survey method. Parameters observed at each site include vegetation diversity, direct collection and observation of butterflies. The parameters observed at each location include the index of diversity (H '), and regression analysis. Samples are taken from ecosystem which is divided into three stations ie many visitors station, station little visitors, station no visitors as much as thirteen times. The study was conducted at the end of December 2016 - end of March 2017 for 3 Months. The results of the study found 59 species of 1165 individuals. The variety of butterflies including high category (H '= 3.651) with fairness is still relatively high (E = 0.887). In addition, the amount of influence the number of visitors to the number of butterflies (r square) 0,398 or 39,8 % with regression equation is: yaitu : Y = -0,0000079X3 + 0,005X2 – 0,828X + 44,083. The more visitors who come to ecosystem the more will decrease the number of butterflies. Furthermore, the conservation strategy that is needed in ecosystem is need to do in situ butterfly capture from Nature Recreational Park, Pananjung because of the discovery of endemic species of Tanaceia trigerta and rare species, Troides helena.
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